Paper on Quantum Optical Networks via Polariton Exchange Interactions

Mohammadsadegh Khazali, Callum R. Murray, and Thomas Pohl

We examine the dynamics of Rydberg polaritons with dipolar interactions that propagate in multiple spatial modes. The dipolar excitation-exchange between different Rydberg states mediates an effective exchange between polaritons that enables photons to hop across different spatial channels. Remarkably, the efficiency of this photon exchange process can increase with the channel distance and becomes optimal at a finite rail separation. Based on this mechanism, we design a simple photonic network that realises a two photon quantum gate with a robust pi-phase, protected by the symmetries of the underlying photon interaction and the geometry of the network. These capabilities expand the scope of Rydberg-EIT towards multidimensional geometries for nonlinear optical networks and explorations of photonic many-body physics.